Frelimo was formed in 1962, but was initially faced with internal strife and leadership problems. A successful guerrilla war against the Portuguese was waged from... read more

Namibia, a former German colony, is situated towards the north west of South Africa. The Orange River marks the border between the two countries. The country is about 800 000 square kilometers big... read more

Further information

Many reports claim that little is known about the earliest history of Nigeria. By c.2000 B.C. most of Nigeria was thinly occupied by people who had a basic knowledge of raising domesticated food... read more

The Republic of Congo, also known as Middle Congo, Congo-Brazzaville, and Congo (but not to be confused with the Democratic Republic of the Congo, formerly Zaire, which was also at one time known... read more

Rwanda is a land-locked country located in the central part of Africa. People began settling in the area as early as 10.000BCE[i]. After several... read more

Senegal gain its independence from France after breaking away from the Mali Federation, which was formed by merging Senegal and the French Soudan in 1959.

The Mali federation gained... read more

Sierra Leone is found in West Africa, fronting onto the Atlantic Ocean, and flanked by Liberia and Guinea.

The very earliest inhabitants of Sierra Leone were possibly the Bulom people. The... read more

Somalia is the Easternmost country on mainland Africa, situated at the tip of the Horn of Africa. The original inhabitants were introduced to Islam by Arabic immigrants from around 7th century CE... read more

The Swazi nation, as we know it today, originally came from Mozambique. Their Nguni ancestors probably moved there before the sixteenth century as part of the Bantu migration. Archaeologists have... read more

Links to explore this further: &... read more

Little is known of the ancient history of this narrow, north-south running sub-saharan country before Portuguese explorers arrived. Subsequently interest or colonial power was at play by, in turn... read more