"Original sheet music of \u201cNkosi Sikelel\u2019 iAfrica\u201d by Enoch Sontonga, 1904.\r\n.. read moreImage source: www.researchgate.net"

This Day In History

Steve Biko, Black Consciousness Movement Leader, is buried

Sunday, 25 September 1977
Steve Biko, anti-apartheid activist and leader of the Black Consciousness Movement in South Africa, was thirty years old and was reportedly extremely fit when arrested. He was taken to prison in Port Elizabeth but was later transferred to Pretoria Central Prison where he died in detention under mysterious circumstances on 12 September 1977. ..
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Saturday, 29 September 2018



South African History Online

Heritage day, Braai Day or Shaka Day: Whose Heritage is it Anyway?

Heritage Day is one of the newly created South African public holidays. It is a day in which all are encouraged to celebrate their cultural traditions in the wider context of the great diversity of cultures, beliefs, and traditions that make up the nation of South Africa.

Fanakalo: the language of mining culture

Fanakalo is a bridging language of communication in multilingual and multinational settings on South African mines [writers spell this pidgin as either Fanagalo or Fanakalo. Fanakalo is ‘the correct spelling in Zulu or Xhosa orthography’]

Afrikaans: the Language of Black and Coloured Dissent

Afrikaans, the official language during South Africa’s Apartheid era, often occupies a politicised space as the ‘colonial’ language of the White Afrikaner oppressor.

Black Consciousness: Cultural Expression and Representation

Though first publicized as a respected medium for the liberation struggle in 1967, poetry and literary expression had been popularized throughout the 1950s and earlier 1960s.


Towards a people’s culture, Art and Resistance under apartheid

The Sharpeville Massacre was one of the most important turning points in the history of South Africa. It triggered a chain of events, from the banning of liberation organisations, the launch of the armed struggle, the internationalisation of the South Africa’s Apartheid policies and the growing division between black and white South Africans.


Race and ethnicity in South Africa

Race and ethnicity have been and still is at the heart of South African history, politics, society and economy since the European colonisation. South Africa remains a complex mix of different races, cultural identities, languages and ethnic bonds.

African Heritage Sites

Within 37 African countries, UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) has listed 135 World Heritage Sites within the continent. South Africa has eight designated official sites.

The National Coat of Arms

A national coat of arms, or State emblem, is the highest visual symbol of the State. Take a minute to consider the important events in your life – birth, marriage, death and school certificates, your passport – they are all endorsed by the Coat of Arms.


Rock Art

Most researchers who study rock art tend to focus on technical aspects, such as the material and techniques used. Their studies have revealed that ochre was used as paint and an albuminous binding media.