"Nelson Mandela, receives military training at an Algerian FLN camp - Morocco - 1962\r\n \r\n.. read moreImage source: www.english.alarabiya.net"

This Day In History

Mandela signs a law into bill creating the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC)

Wednesday, 19 July 1995
The Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) became an integral and restorative component in the advent of democracy in South Africa. Its role was primarily to uncover human rights abuses during the Apartheid era, through public hearings. ..
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Tuesday, 7 August 2018



South African History Online

uMkhonto weSizwe (MK)

On 16 December, 1961, Umkhonto weSizwe (MK) was launched as an armed wing of the African National Congress (ANC).

Rivonia Trial 1963 -1964

Often referred to as "the trial that changed South Africa" in October 1963, ten leading opponents of apartheid went on trial for their lives on charges of sabotage.

’Operation Mayibuye.’ Document found by police at Lilliesleaf Farm, Rivonia, 11 July 1963.

The white state has thrown overboard every pretence of rule by democratic process. Armed to the teeth it has presented the people with only one choice and that is its overthrow by force and violence.

Sharpeville Massacre, 21 March 1960

At the annual conference of the African National Congress (ANC) held in Durban on 16 December 1959, the President General of the ANC, Chief Albert Luthuli, announced that 1960 was going to be the "Year of the Pass."

Pan Africanist Congress (PAC)

The Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) is a political party whose presence in the South African political landscape spans just over half a century.

The Anti-Pass Campaigns 1960

For many years there was tension inside the African National Congress (ANC) between those with more moderate views and those with more 'Africanist views' - An ideology that says that black people should determine their own future - Africa for the Africans. It was first expressed by a Xhosa missionary, Tiyo Siga, in the 19th century.


Congress of the People and the Freedom Charter

As the struggle for freedom reached a new intensity in the early fifties, the ANC saw the need for a clear statement on the future of South Africa. The idea of a Freedom Charter was born, and the Congress of the People Campaign was initiated.


Situated north of the Sahara desert. Algeria shares a common border with Libya, Tunisia, Niger, Mali, and Morocco. Algeria has access to the Mediterranean Sea.

ARMED and TRAINED: Nelson Mandela’s 1962 military mission as Commander in Chief of Umkhonto we Sizwe and provenance for his buried Makarov pistol by Garth Conan Benneyworth

Firearms are inextricably linked to the history of South Africa's liberation struggle and experiences of decolonisation, liberation and independence for many African countries.