Valliamma Munuswamy Mudaliar

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Biographical information

Synopsis:

Activist and Martyr. Died as a result of her participation in the South African liberation struggle.

First name: 
Valliamma
Middle name: 
Munuswamy
Last name: 
Mudaliar
Date of birth: 
22-February-1898
Location of birth: 
Thillaiyadi,India
Date of death: 
22-February-1914
Location of death: 
Johannesburg,South Africa

The participation of women passive resisters was a key element of the Satyagraha Campaign of 1913 - 1914. Angered by the Supreme Court judgement in March 1913, in which Judge Searle refused to recognise Hindu and Muslim marriages, Indian women joined the Campaign for the first time.

When Mudaliar was sentenced to prison, she was already a little sick. Her condition soon began to deteriorate, but she refused the offer of the authorities to return home. She was not prepared to give up the passive struggle. She was eventually released on 11 February 1914, after a provisional agreement had been signed between General Jan Christiaan Smuts and Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. She arrived home on 20 February, and on 27 February died.


References:
• ‘Soweto’ supplement, The Leader

Last updated : 13-Jun-2018

This article was produced for South African History Online on 17-Feb-2011