Led by Dr G.M. Naicker and Dr. Y.M. Dadoo, Indians observed complete hartal, that is, a day of mourning or protest on which all the shops were shut and no-one went to work or did any shopping, throughout the country. Mass meetings were held in many cities and towns. A mass meeting of over 15 000 people at the Red Square in Durban was addressed by Dr Naicker. After the meeting, a procession marched to the corner of Gale Street and Umbilo Road where the first batch of seventeen Passive Resisters, including seven women, pitched five tents on a piece of vacant municipal land in defiance of the Asiatic Land Tenure and Indian Representation Act, the so-called Ghetto Act, enacted by the Smuts Government.
• Overcoming Apartheid Passive Resistance Campaign [online] Available at: https://overcomingapartheid.msu.edu [Accessed on 11 June 2013]
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