Twelve years after the banning of the African National Congress (ANC) and Pan Africanist Congress (PAC), a new political movement, the Black People Convention (BPC) was formed after a three day long conference in Pietermaritzburg. Black students under the guiding principle that they identified themselves firstly as black before being students formed this movement. The movement managed to bring together about seventy different black consciousness groups and associations under one umbrella. Because of its racial exclusivity, the government initially welcomed it as an endorsement of racial segregation and apartheid policies. When the party assumed a radical anti apartheid political agenda the government began to restrict its activities. The party elected Winnie Kgware as its first president and Steve Biko was named honorary president. It was officially inaugurated in December 1972 and banned in October 1977.
Black People Convention is formed
Wednesday, 12 July 1972
This Day In History dates for TODAY
- 1657 Jan Hendrik Boom becomes one of the first free burghers
- 1907 The railway line between Cape Town and George is opened.
- 1974 ’Viva Frelimo’ rallies, organised by the BPC and SASO, take place even though they were banned by Government
- 1977 Steve Biko, Black Consciousness Movement Leader, is buried
- 1978 The trial of eleven Soweto students charged under the Terrorism Act begins
- 1985 Pretoria disputes compensation for Gaborone raid
- 2003 Amina Lawal is freed
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