A Spring and Outspan in the Richtersveld with Geographical History dating back Millions of Years! A Spring may be the result of Karst Topography where surface water has infiltrated the Earth's surface (recharge area), becoming part of the area groundwater. The groundwater then travels through a network of cracks and fissure—openings ranging from inter-granular spaces to large Caves. The water eventually emerges from below the surface, in the form of a Spring.
New Dictionary of South African Place Names by Peter E Raper