The Republic of Mali is one of Africa’s largest gold producers but at least half of the population lives on the poverty line. A former-French colony Mali has never been able to completely remove itself from the control of France. In January of 2012 an armed uprising began in the north and the Tuaregs declared a separate new state called Azawad. This situation was exasperated by a military coup in March of the same year.
18° 7' 52.2346", -1° 40' 8.2031"