Islam: the Muslim religion, based on belief in one God and revealed through Muhammad as the Prophet of Allah

Kingdom: an area controlled by a particular person or where a particular thing or idea is important

Manuscript: a copy of a book, piece of music, etc. before it has been printed

Mecca: a city in Saudi Arabia that is the holiest city of Islam, being the place where the Prophet Muhammad was born

Mosque: a building in which Muslims worship

Pilgrimage: a journey to a holy place for religious reasons

Scholar: a person who knows a lot about a particular subject because they have studied it in detail

Slave: a person who is owned by another person and is forced to work for them

Trade: the activity of buying and selling or of exchanging goods or services between people or countries

Trans-Saharan: Across the Saharan desert

World Heritage Site: a natural or man-made place that is recognized as having great international importance and is therefore protected


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