9 October 1953
The Nationalist Party (NP) government developed the concept of allocation of resources such as general infrastructure, education and jobs and formalised this into law. The Amenities Act provided that there should be separate amenities such as toilets, parks and beaches for different racial groups. Subsequently, apartheid signs indicating which people were permitted to enter/use the facilities, were displayed throughout the country. The standard of amenities for non-Whites were generally lower than those for Whites.  
References

O' Malley The Heart of Hope, 1953. Reservation of Separate Amenities Act No 49, [online], Available at www.nelsonmandela.org [Accessed:8 October 2013]|South African History Online, General South African History Timeline: 1950s , [online], Available at  www.sahistory.org.za [Accessed: 8 October 2013]