American Dream: The ideal by which equality of opportunity is available to any American, allowing the highest aspirations and goals to be achieved.
Capitalism: Capitalism is an economic system in which the government pays a secondary role. People and companies make most of the decisions and own most of the property. The means of production are privately owned by individuals and companies operate on profit basis.
Dictator: A ruler who has total control and power over a country, this power and control is typically obtained by force.
Great Depression: Refers to the consequences of the stock market in America, a period of economic decline and poverty due to the stock market crash of 1929.
Laissez-faire: Abstention of governments from interfering in the workings of the free-market economy.
New Deal: The New Deal was a domestic program of the United States which contained several programs between 1933 and 1939 to solve the problems caused by the Great Depression to bring about economic relief as well as reforms in industries such as agriculture and finance.
Overproduction: One of the major causes of the Great Depression. Factories and farms were producing far more goods than the people could afford to buy. As a result, prices fell, factories were closed down and workers were laid off.
Social Security: A federal insurance scheme providing benefits for pensioners and those who are unemployed or disables.
Wall Street Crash of 1929: Also known as the Great Crash, was a major American stock market crash that occurred in the autumn of 1929. It started in September and ended later in October, when share prices on the New York Stock Exchange collapsed.
Note: Most definitions are acquired through Google’s online English Dictionary.
This content was originally produced for the SAHO classroom by
Sebastian Moronell, Ayabulela Ntwakumba, Simone van der Colff & Thandile Xesi.
 Cohen, Daniel. Our modern times: the new nature of capitalism in the information age. MIT Press, 2004. Available at; https://www.investopedia.com/terms/c/capitalism.asp
 Dictator – Definition from the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary". Merriam-Webster. Archived from the original on 16 May 2008. Accessed 17 April 2021
 Van-Giezen, Robert; Schwenk, Albert E. (January 30, 2003). "Compensation from before World War I through the Great Depression". United States Bureau of Labour Statistics.
 Carol Berkin; et al. (2011). Making America, Volume 2: A History of the United States: Since 1865. Cengage Learning. pp. 629–632. Also see, Fishback, Price (2017). "How Successful Was the New Deal? The Microeconomic Impact of New Deal Spending and Lending Policies in the 1930s". Journal of Economic Literature. 55 (4): 1435–1485.
 Michael Roberts, Capitalism, Economics and Marxism, January 2017. Available at https://thenextrecession.wordpress.com/2017/07/01/the-profitability-of-marxian-economics/