Egypt lies North East in the African continent, its history goes back to Biblical times; with Pharaohs fighting for land in the fertile Nile River! There are many, year old Monuments here:  Including: the Pyramids of Giza and the Great Sphinx; the Karnak temple, with its infamous hieroglyphics and the Valley of the Kings Tombs! The capital is Cairo, it has a number of very interesting landmarks. One being the infamous Egyptian Museum, with many artefacts found in the Tombs of the Pharaoh's! 
Separated from Middle East by the Red Sea, a very important trade route! From 1852, Britain kept an increased presence in northern Egypt to maintain the overland trade route to India and to oversee the construction of the Cairo–Alexandria railway, the first British railway built on foreign soil. Alexandria is a major city in the Mediterranean world. It has been the capital of Egypt, from its founding by Alexander the Great in 332 BCE, until its surrender to the Arab forces led by, Amr ibn al-ʿĀṣ, the Arab conqueror of Egypt. (died 663, Al-Fusṭāṭ, in Egypt). Shortly thereafter, French investors financed, the construction of the Suez Canal to connect the Mediterranean and Red Seas. Isma’il Pasha sold Egypt’s shares of the Suez Canal Company to Britain in 1875 in the wake of a financial crisis. Dissatisfaction with European and Ottoman rule led to a nationalist revolt in 1879. The British military occupied Egypt in 1882 to protect financial interests in the country, culminating in a violent war. Britain won, restored the Khedival authority in Cairo, and established a ‘veiled protectorate’ over Ottoman-Egypt until the First World War. The British occupation saw an increase in archaeological fieldwork, tourism, and irrigation projects to boost Egypt’s cotton production and exportation. Egypt declared independence in 1922, although Britain did not withdraw all its troops until after the 1956 Suez Crisis.
They have their own derivative of the Pound, from British rule- the Egyptian Pound!
26° 49' 48", 30° 47' 24"