Theodore B. Lujiza was born in 1886 and educated at Lovedale, he was working in a bank in East London when Clements Kadalie arrived there to establish a branch of the Industrial and Commercial Workers' Union in mid-1922. The two men became friends immediately. Meetings were organized with Lujiza translating into Xhosa for Kadalie, and 400 members were enrolled in the first week. Lujiza became branch secretary of the ICU for East London and later became provincial secretary for the eastern Cape, including the Transkei. When the ICU split in 1929, he sided with Kadalie's opponents, and became general secretary of the "Ballinger" ICU.
• Gerhart G.M and Karis T. (ed)(1977). From Protest to challenge: A documentary History of African Politics in South Africa: 1882-1964, Vol.4 Political Profiles 1882 ”“ 1964. Hoover Institution Pres: Stanford University.