Morris Ranoto was banished on19 January 1955 from Matlala's Location, Pietersburg District, [Northern] Transvaal, [now Polokwane, Limpopo Province] to Natives Reserve 7B, Lower Umfolozi District, Natal [now KwaZulu-Natal].

He survived on support from family and friends and “became a recluse” after Frans Ramaro’s death.

His partner, Mngabo Ranoto, said that after he was asked to report at the police station he was seen on a train in Pietersburg. She did not know where he had been banished until a letter arrived a year later.


• Contribution by Professor S. Badat on Banishment, Rhodes University, 2012. From the book, Forgotten People - Political Banishment under Apartheid by Professor S. Badat.

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