M. N. Bhola was born and educated in the Cape Province. She was an organizer of the women's section of the African National Congress (ANC) from the mid-1920s onward in the Western Cape, and the first woman to stand trial on the 'hostility' charge. An ally of the eccentric "Professor" James Thaele, she was the first woman prosecuted under the clause of the Native Administration Act of 1927, which forbade the preaching of "hostility" between the races. She attended the 1931 Non-European Conference, and was active in the All African Convention (AAC) during the mid-1930s. Bhola died in 1948.
Gerhart G.M and Karis T. (ed)(1977).