Gilbert R Tsikalanga was headman in the Mphaphuli Tribal area, Sibasa District, [Northern] Transvaal, [now Tshivhase, Limpopo Province]

He was relieved of his duties due to his insistence on becoming the chief, for agitating against the incumbent chief and the headman, and for causing serious divisions in the community.

He was banished on 3 June 1969 to Ardath Farm No.  Ku.C.O. 5-33, Kuruman District, [Northern] Cape, [now North West Province]

 Gilbert R Tsikalanga’s order was withdrawn on 30 September 1976.

• Contribution by Professor S. Badat, Rhodes University, 2012.  From the book, Forgotten People - Political Banishment under Apartheid by Professor S. Badat

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