Frans Ramaro and his cousin Morris Ranoto were banished on19 January 1955 from Matlala's Location, Pietersburg District, Northern Transvaal, [now Polokwane, Limpopo Province] to Natives Reserve 7B, Lower Umfolozi District, Natal [now KwaZulu-Natal].

Ramaro was summoned to the police station and did not return. It was alleged that he was one of the supporters of the banished Makwena Matlala who was opposing the state in gaMatlala.

He was put on a train and it was only after a year that his partner heard from him. She lived a life of destitution, begging from fellow community members. Then she received a message from the chief that Ramaro had died in banishment. However, the authorities would not help with his burial.


Contribution by Professor S. Badat on Banishment, Rhodes University, 2012. From the book, Forgotten People - Political Banishment under Apartheid by Professor S. Badat.

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