Charles Templeman Loram was born in Pietermaritzburg in May 10 in  1879. He studied at Cambridge,University of Cape Town and at Columbia University, where he completed a Ph.D. in 1917. His doctoral dissertation, published as The Education of the South African Native(1917), was long the standard work on me subject. Strongly influenced by the Tuskegee-Hampton Institute vogue in black American education, Loram helped to promote the concept of industrial education in Africa as a member of the Phelps-Stokes Commissions on education in South and East Africa in 1921 and 1924 - 1925. Loram was employed in Natal's department of education for more than a decade, then served in the Native Affairs Commission created by Jan Smuts from 1920 to 1929 before returning to Natal as the provincial superintendent of education in 1930.

Loram's view of African development was gradualistic and paternalistic, and he exerted a conservative influence in liberal circles, for example, warning the Joint Councils against taking political positions and opposing the creation of a National Council after 1926. In 1929 , with  Rheinalt Jones and Howard Pim,Loram founded the South African Istitute of Race Relations in Johannesburg and became its first chairman.Loram became its first chairman. In 1931 he left South Africa to become a professor of education at Yale University in the United States,and He died in New York City in 1940.


Gerhart G.M and Karis T. (ed)(1977). From Protest to challenge: A documentary History of African Politics in South Africa: 1882-1964, Vol.4 Political Profiles 1882 ”“ 1964. Hoover Institution Pres: Stanford University.

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