25 October 1900
Funmilayo Ransome Kuti was born Francis Abigail Olufunmilayo Thomas on 25 October 1900 in Abeokuta, Nigeria. Kuti founded a women’s organisation with 20 000 members that comprised of literate and illiterate women. The organisation was thrust into the public eye when it organised a rally of women against price controls which were hurting the female merchants of the Abeokuta markets. This was just the first of many campaigns for the benefit of women, including their right to vote. Kuti had three sons Fela Anikulapo Kuti, a musician, Beko Ransome-Kuti, a doctor, and Professor Olikoye Ransome-Kuti. All her sons were activists in their own right. In 1978 Kuti was thrown out of a second floor window by military men that had invaded her son, Fela’s compound. She went into a coma and died two months later.