Mzilikazi's arrival in Transvaal region.
Andries Potgieter's arrives in the area north of the Vaal.
Mzilikazi defeated by the Voortrekkers and forced to flee across the Limpopo.
First permanent White inhabitants arrive in the Pretoria area.
Sand River Convention signed, granting Transvaal Boers independence.
The Zuid Afrikaanse Republiek (ZAR) is established.
16 November, Establishment of the first Volksraad.
MW Pretorius purchases the farms Elandspoort and Koedoespoort.
In November 1853 the two farms are declared a town.
Pretoria founded and established as the capital of ZAR, named after General Andries Pretorius.
The first church is designed and built by the Devereau brothers and Willem Skinner
Andries Du Toit pegs out Pretoria town
Marthinus Wessels Pretorius, the son of Andries Pretorius, is elected first President of ZAR
The first church is inaugurated by Rev D Van Der Hoff.
2 May, Andries Francois du Toit is sworn in as Pretoria's first magistrate.
The first state aided school is opened with Hendrik Stiemens as teacher.
Pretorius is elected President of the OFS, but is later forced to resign as President of ZAR
1 May, Pretoria becomes the seat of government of ZAR
First Raadsaal erected on the corner of Market and Church streets.
Pretorius elected for second time as President of ZAR.
The first mail coach is established in Pretoria.
Church Street West cemetery commissioned for use. Prior to this, deceased were buried on farms around Pretoria
Pretorius forced to resign as President after consenting to the Keate award.
Thomas Francois Burgers elected State President of ZAR
The Pretoria Post Office is established
Die Volkstem newspaper established by President Burgers. Mr. Celliers being the first editor
The Transvaal republic is proclaimed British territory
Standard Bank established in the Transvaal.
Telegraphic communication is established in Pretoria.
Boers declare themselves independent at Paardekraal.
Battle of Majuba; the war ends with the restoration of the Transvaal Republic under the Pretoria Convention.
Indians enter Transvaal and settle in the Asiatic Bazaar
Paul Kruger elected President of ZAR.
The London Convention replaces the Pretoria Convention
Construction of the first Post Office building begins.
Post Office built on the north corner of Church Street west.  The building was demolished in 1910 and a four storey building erected in its place. This is the present Post Office.
The President Theater is erected. From 1903 to 1910 it Is known as The Empress.
The Nederlandsche Bank opens. The name later changes to Nederlandsche Bank Voor Zuid Afrika N.V. The building was designed by M. de Zwaan who also designed the Sammy Marks building on Church Street.
Suburb of Arcadia is incorporated into Pretoria.
6 May, President Kruger lays the foundation stone for the new Raadsaal.
It was to be a three-storey building designed by S Wierda, a government architect at the time. The builder is J.J Kirkness.
Landdros Kantoor or Magistrates Court is built on the north east corner of Koch and Pretorius Streets
Suburb of Sunnyside is incorporated into the city of Pretoria.
The first swimming baths built in Pretoria.
The Staats Model school is established.
State Girls school (now Hamilton Primary school) and State Gymnasium established.
1 January, The Delgoa Bay railway is opened.
The White suburb of Les Marais is established.
The foundation stone of the Pretoria Hospital is laid by President Kruger.
The Grand Hotel is built, initially called the President Hotel. Many important occasions are celebrated in the hotel, like the banquet held for Lord Selbourne in April 1910 when he relinquished his position as High Commissioner of South Africa.
The Asiatic Bazaar comes into existence. Paul Kruger allocates this area to be developed exclusively for Indians, Coloureds and Blacks. The northern part was to be occupied by the Blacks while the southern part was occupied by the Coloureds, known as the ‘Cape Location.’
The area to the north and south of Boom street was allocated to the Indians.
December, The Raadsaal is completed.
The Press printers established on the corner of Koch and Vermeulen Streets. The first editor was Leo Weinthal.
Suburb of Pretoria West established.
6 July, The President lays the foundation stone of the two-storey National Bank.
This building is completed in 1893.
First railway station erected in Pretoria. NAZM is responsible for the maintenance of the railroad
Electricity is introduced to Pretoria. The power station is situated on Schoeman Street towards the north-side about halfway between Prinsloo and Van Der Walt Streets.
First Portland Cement Factory built at Daspoort
August, The State Gymnasium is established for the training of teachers.
Law Chambers are built on the western side of Church Square.
The Press printing works for the first time, printing a one penny stamp. All Transvaal Republic stamps were previously printed overseas.
The White suburbs of Mayville, Eloffsdal and Villiera are established.
Outbreak of bubonic plague.
The White suburb of Hermanstad is established.
8 June, Foundation stone of the building of the Palace of Justice laid by President Kruger.
Roseville and New Muckleneuk established.
Palace of Justice building completed.
Leo Weinthal, the first editor of the Printing Press, establishes the PretoriaNews, based in Queen street.
Erection of the Staats Meisjies Skool (State Girls School) building.
Outbreak of South African War.
Timeline: Pretoria 1900-1999
Pedestal erected on Church Square for statue of President Kruger.
31 May, Treaty of Vereeniging signed, ending the South African War. The republics then become British colonies.
The White suburb of Brooklyn is established.
Zoo and Museum built in Boom Street. Dr JWB Gunning becomes the first director of both the zoo and museum.
Pretoria Municipality offices are opened next to the National Bank.
Gezina, Wonderboom South, Rietfontein, Parktown, Mountain View and Claremont are established
First fruit shop opens in Pretoria.
Police barracks and Charge office erected on the south west corner of Koch and Pretorius Streets.
Mint building erected.
Pretoria Gardens, Daspoort, Rietondale and Waterkloof established.
Sewerage system introduced in Pretoria.
Opera House officially opened, with a seating capacity of600.
12 April, Foundation stone laid for the new Town Hall.
23 May, Lord Selbourne arrives in Pretoria.
Lady Selbourne proclaimed a black township (north west of the city was the only township where blacks were allowed to own land)
Lady Selbourne, Hatfield and Booysens are established.
Pedestal removed and a fountain erected in the middle of Church Square. This fountain was later moved to the Zoological Gardens in 1911.
The Transvaal and OFS are granted responsible self- government status.
April, Lord Selbourne leaves Pretoria.
31 May, Birth of the Union of South Africa with Pretoria as administrative capital and Cape Town as the legislative capital.
Louis Botha becomes the first Prime Minister of the Union of South Africa.
November, First tram runs in Pretoria.
Statue of President Kruger erected in Princes Park. Mr. Sammy Marks presents the statue to Pretoria in 1900 but it could not be erected immediately for political reasons.
Between 1900 and 1912, the statue lies in Delagoa Bay.
Bank of Africa incorporated into National Bank
The National Party is established.
The Municipal Tram Sheds are built on the corner of Van Der Walt and Schoeman Streets. There were about 13, 5 miles of tracks for trams in Pretoria.
Union buildings completed. Designed by architect Herbert Baker. The Union Buildings housed the administrative offices of the new state.
January, National Party formed by Gen. Hertzog
The White suburb of Capital Park is established.
Natives (Urban Act) is passed, which leads to the creation of locations to house Black workers in White urban areas.
ISCOR is established.
The White residential suburb of Colbyn is established.
14 October, Pretoria is declared a city when the Innesdale municipality is incorporated into it.
United Party government formed under Generals Hertzog and Smuts.
Menlo Park is established as a White residential suburb.
The Pretoria City Hall is inaugurated by Sir Johannes Wessels.
Establishment of Atteridgeville, named after the Deputy mayor Patricia Atteridge.
Waterkloof Ridge established as a White residential suburb.
The last tram leaves Church Square.
May, First 50 families move from Marabastad to Atteridgeville.
The White suburb of Danville is established.
National Party comes to power under DF Malan.
The White residential suburb of Groenkloof is established.
1 July, The Hercules municipality is merged with Pretoria.
The black residential township of Mamelodi is laid out.
Black inhabitants of Lady Selbourne take part in the bus boycott.
The Treason Trial begins, in which 30 of the accused, including Nelson Mandela were only released in March 1961 because the State could not prove its case
Dr. Verwoerd becomes Prime Minister.
Lady Selbourne is declared a White area.
Establishment of Laudium, a residential township for Indians.
South Africa becomes a Republic and leaves the Commonwealth of Nations
Eersterus, the residential township for Coloured people, is laid out 15km east of Church Square
20 May, Pretoria Art Museum inaugurated.
1 July, The municipalities of Silverton and Pretoria North are incorporated into Pretoria.
The black township of Ga-rankuwa is officially opened in the Tswana homeland.
The Afrikaans newspaper Hoofstad is established
February, Petrol driven buses are introduced in Pretoria.
The newspaper Oggendblad is established
12 September, Steve Biko dies in a Pretoria prison.
25 January, three ANC men take 25 hostages in the Pretoria suburb of Silverton, demanding the release of Nelson Mandela. The three ANC men and two White female hostages are killed.
12 November, a Rosslyn sub-station is damaged by four limpet mines.
14 December, a Pretoria sub-station is bombed.
20 February, Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK) cadres try to set the Pelindaba Nuclear Research station on fire.
20 May, a car bomb at the South African Air Force in Pretoria kills 15 people.
4 January, a guerrilla is killed in Mamelodi.
5 May, Approximately 7000 people attend an Afrikaner Volkswag rally in Pretoria.
March, Police station in Mamelodi is destroyed by a limpet mine.
9 May, Two grenade attacks occur in townships in Pretoria.
8 January, an explosion damages a Pretoria sub-station.
12 March, SACC member Oupa Masuku’s mother, Esther Masuku, is killed in a hand grenade attack on their house in Atteridgeville.
June, Pretoria government imposes a nationwide state of emergency to crush Black resistance.
1 December, Fabian Ribiero and Florence Ribiero are killed outside Pretoria.
13 March, four municipal police officers are killed and one injured in Atteridgeville.
18 March, guerrillas attack a tavern in Atteridgeville frequented by policemen. Three policemen are killed.
9 April, a limpet mine explodes near the Atteridgeville Development Board’s canteen.
15 April, a bomb explodes prematurely outside Pretoria’s Sterland cinema, killing the carrier and wounding a bystander. According to the ANC, the intended target was a nearby government building.
10 May, a child is killed when a grenade is thrown at a policeman’s home in Mamelodi.
June, a mini limpet mine explodes at a snack bar in Pretoria, injuring 18 people.
September, a bomb explodes at the Laudium home of a Pretoria municipal election candidate.
15 November, Barend Strydom kills 5 people at Strydom Square in Pretoria.
September, a mini limpet mine explodes outside the Mamelodi police station.
6 August, the Pretoria Minute is signed as a result of talks between the South African government and the ANC in Pretoria.
April, India establishes a High Commission in Pretoria.
27 April, Nelson Mandela is sworn in as the first democratically elected President of South Africa in Pretoria.
10 May, Voortrekkerhoogte is renamed Thaba Tshwane.
6 June, Thabo Mbheki becomes the second democratically elected President of South Africa.
Timeline: Pretoria 2000-2009
5 December, the Pretoria City Council is downgraded to a local municipality as the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality is created.
25-26 January, Jacob Zuma facilitates a meeting between Pierre Boyoya, the President of Burundi, and rebels Alain Mugabarabona, Jean-Bosco Ndayikengurukiye and Pierre Nkurunziza in Pretoria.
27 January, Pierre Buyoya, the President of Burundi and Pierre Nkurunziza, leader of a faction of the CNDD-FDD, sign a memorandum of understanding in Pretoria.
26 May, the South African Geographical Names Council approved the changing of the name Pretoria to Tshwane.
3 April, Herman Van Rooyen and Rudi Gouws, two of the Boeremag treason trial accused escaped from the Pretoria High Court.
9 May, Jacob Zuma was sworn in as President in Pretoria.

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