This Day in History

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Tuesday, April 17, 1923
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From the 16th century right up to the 19th, slaves from Ethiopia were sold across the world. However, the slave trade within Ethiopia was very much different from that observed in the West. The slave trade in Ethiopia was slightly more humane than the one in western countries. It was also influenced by religion; there were certain rules that applied only to Christians and others that only applied to Muslims.

This article was produced by South African History Online on 13-Apr-2012

This Day in History Extra Dates
  • Wednesday, April 17, 2002
    The South African National Government Cabinet receives a comprehensive briefing on the implementation of government policy on HIV/AIDS. The meeting reiterates government's commitment to the HIV/AIDS and STI strategic plan for South Africa.

  • Friday, April 17, 1998
    Rudolph (Duimpie) Opperman, chairman of the National Olympic Committee of South Africa (NOCSA), dies in Johannesburg.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, April 17, 1997
    President Mandela, present in his capacity as chief of the Temba clan, rather than Head of State, inaugurates the Council of Traditional Leaders. 150 tribal leaders are inducted into Parliament in a colourful ceremony. The kings of Lesotho and of Swaziland also attend.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Thursday, April 17, 1997
    The government presents proposals to improve basic working conditions and encourage greater labour flexibility. Labour Minister Tito Mboweni describes the Basic Conditions of Employment Bill as a revolution of labour law. Among its provisions is that for a maximum working week of forty-five hours.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Wednesday, April 17, 1996
    During a working visit to Libya, Foreign Minister Alfred Nzo stresses South Africa's eagerness to strengthen and develop its relations with Libya.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Thursday, April 17, 1997
    The ANC holds a special one-day summit with its alliance partners COSATU (the Congress of South African Trade Unions) and the SACP (the South African Communist Party) and pledges to take the concerns of its allies into account and to ensure consultation on key policies.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Monday, April 17, 1989
    World Haemophilia Day is celebrated for the first time.
  • Thursday, April 17, 1986
    Special Offences Act No 6 commences, making it an offence to possess a tyre or similar object, or any inflammable liquid, in circumstances in which it could be inferred that such things could be used to commit an offence.

  • Thursday, April 17, 1986
    Bessie Amelia Head, SA novelist, short story writer and social historian dies in Serowe, Botswana. She had gone to Botswana in March 1964 and was granted citizenship in 1979.
    References:
    • Verwey, E.J. (ed)(1995). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.1, Pretoria: HSRC.

  • Friday, April 17, 1981
    Prime Minister P.W. Botha says in an interview published today that he had ''certain reservations'' about the Reagan Administration's top Africa specialist, Chester A. Crocker, blaming him for objections raised in Washington last month to a visit by South African military officers. His comments come at the end of a day and a half of consultations here with Foreign Minister Roelof F. Botha and Defence Minister Magnus Malan. The interview is the Prime Minister's first explanation of why he has decided not to see Mr. Crocker.
  • Tuesday, April 17, 1984
    A police officer, WPC Yvonne Fletcher, is killed and ten people injured after shots were fired from the Libyan People's Bureau in central London.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  https://news.bbc.co.uk/

  • Thursday, April 17, 1980
    The Union Jack is lowered for the last time in Africa on this day when the embattled ex-British colony of Rhodesia becomes Zimbabwe. Prince Charles, representing the Queen, presents the instruments of sovereignty. Robert Mugabe, the new Prime Minister, speak of the need for reconciliation between Blacks and Whites.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  https://www.vdiest.nl/
    •  https://www.andibradley.com/

  • Thursday, April 17, 1969
    Dorothy Fischer becomes the first woman in SA to receive a new heart.  She lives for twelve years afterwards. 
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, April 17, 1965
    South Africa loses the rugby test match against Scotland 5-8.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Wednesday, April 17, 1968
    C.H. Kuhn (Mikro), Afrikaans author, dies in Somerset West, CP.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, April 17, 1958
    The South African National Party wins a third successive general election, allowing further introductions of 'Grand Apartheid' legislation.
  • Wednesday, April 17, 1963
    The United Arab Republic is proclaimed by Egypt, Iraq, and Syria.
  • Saturday, April 17, 1948
    The Huguenot Monument by the architect C.P. Walgate, with the image of a woman by sculptor Coert Steynberg, is inaugurated in Franschhoek, five years after completion.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, April 17, 1954
    Founding of the Federation of South African Women.

  • Thursday, April 17, 1919
    George M. Theal, historian, author and teacher, dies in Wynberg, Cape Town.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Monday, April 17, 1916
    General Jan Christiaan Smuts, in charge of British, South African and Indian troops in Kenya, finally has the Germans on the run. Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck's troops (3,000 Europeans and 11,000 Askari) had heavily outnumbered the British East African Rifles.
  • Thursday, April 17, 1902
    Anglo-Boer War 2: The British delegation proposes that thirty representatives from each of the two Boer republics meet in a 'national convention' at Vereeniging, Transvaal, to decide on their future.
  • Wednesday, April 17, 1912
    Moroccan troops are in open revolt against French rule (initiated on 30 March).
  • Tuesday, April 17, 1900
    Anglo-Boer War 2: the British government publishes Lord Roberts' criticisms of Buller and Warren over the handling of Spioenkop.
  • Sunday, April 17, 1892
    Dr William Fehr, collector of Africana, is born in Burgersdorp, CC.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Tuesday, April 17, 1838
    John Cane, Natal pioneer who accompanied Piet Retief on his first visit to Dingane, is killed while on an expedition against Dingane to assist the Voortrekkers.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 3, p. 17.

  • Friday, April 17, 1891
    Prof. Otto Reinecke, fruit grower and horticulturist, is born in Middelburg, Eastern Transvaal.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Tuesday, April 17, 1838
    Zulu warriors near the Tugela River overwhelm Robert Biggar, leader of a force of about seventeen Englishmen, twenty Khoi with guns and about fifteen hundred Africans from around Port Natal. Thirteen of the English and most of their African followers are killed. (Omer-Cooper: History of Southern Africa).

  • Saturday, April 17, 1773
    Baron Pieter van Reede van Oudtshoorn, who was appointed as successor to Ryk Tulbach but who died at sea on his way to the Cape, is buried under the paving of the Groote Kerk, Cape Town.
    References:
    • Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 11, p. 158.

  • Monday, April 17, 1662
    The first two apples are picked in the Company's Garden. They are small and rather tart.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau Swart: Kultuuralmanak

  • Sunday, April 17, 2011
    World Haemophilia Day. This day is celebrated by haemophilia organisations around the world, and gives them an opportunity to increase awareness of haemophilia. World Haemophilia Day was started in 1989.