This Day in History

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Sunday, May 16, 2004
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16 May 2004 was declared as International Aids Candlelight Memorial Day.  It was started by people living with HIV and Aids to break down the barriers of stigma and discrimination. The community mobilisation campaign began on 1 December, World Aids Day and ended with a memorial In May, to remember those who died with HIV& Aids and to support those who are infected. This serves as a mobilisation campaign to raise awareness about the disease. 

This article was produced for South African History Online on 09-May-2014

This Day in History Extra Dates
  • Tuesday, May 16, 2006
    Striking security guards go on the rampage in Cape Town, causing millions of rands worth of damage.
    References:

  • Sunday, May 16, 2004
    Candlelight Memorial Day.
    References:

  • Saturday, May 16, 1998
    Neal Stephenson, SA champion body board surfer, loses his leg in a shark attack at Keurbooms River, near Plettenberg Bay, Western Cape.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Friday, May 16, 1997
    Mobutu Sese Seko, who has ruled Zaire for more than 30 years, looting it of billions of dollars, flees the capital city as rebel forces advance. The rebels enter the city the next day and Laurent Kabila declares himself head of state.
  • Thursday, May 16, 1996
    A team of American palaeontologists announces the discovery of a 1.5 million year old skull of the shark-toothed reptile Carcharodontosaurus saharicus in the Sahara desert, Morocco.
  • Saturday, May 16, 1992
    CODESA II talks, started on the previous day, end in deadlock. The ANC threatens mass action if the government does not compromise on constitutional issues.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Wednesday, May 16, 1990
    Two White men are killed and twelve Africans injured in a clash between mine officials and miners outside the number one shaft at the President Steyn mine, OFS.
    References:
    • South African Institute of Race Relations. (1990). Race Relations Survey 1989/90, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. lxxvii

  • Wednesday, May 16, 1990
    Minister of National Health and Population Development Rina Venter announces the abolishment of racial segregation in state hospitals.
    References:
    • South African Institute of Race Relations. (1990). Race Relations Survey 1989/90, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. lxiii
    •  http://www.sahistory.org.za/

  • Tuesday, May 16, 1989
    Nelson Ramodike is re-elected as chief minister of Lebowa. He announces that he will personally handle the portfolio of law and order in future.
    References:
    • South African Institute of Race Relations. (1990). Race Relations Survey 1989/90, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. 511

  • Tuesday, May 16, 1989
    Mrs Helen Suzman, PFP MP, announces her retirement from Parliament after having served as MP for Houghton, Johannesburg, for thirty-six years.
    References:
    • South African Institute of Race Relations. (1989). Race Relations Survey 1988/89, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. 502

  • Tuesday, May 16, 1989
    The new Labour Appeal Court delivers its first ruling, overriding an unfair labour practise ruling against Ergo in November 1988 by the Industrial Court in a case brought by NUM.
    References:
    • South African Institute of Race Relations. (1989). Race Relations Survey 1988/89, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. 477

  • Monday, May 16, 1988
    A conference organised by Lawyers for Human rights is held, with the theme Kwa-Ndebele – The Future. A resolution asking for a judicial commission of inquiry into the activities of the KwaNdebele Police Force and the Mbokotho vigilantes is passed.
    References:
    • South African Institute of Race Relations. (1989). Race Relations Survey 1988/89, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. 126

  • Thursday, May 16, 1985
    International Conference on Sports Boycott against South Africa, UNESCO House, Paris, starts.
  • Wednesday, May 16, 1984
    South Africa concedes that almost two million Black people have been relocated since 1960, but maintains that only 456,860 were moved for ideological reasons.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Monday, May 16, 1977
    Winnie Mandela, placed under restriction in Soweto on 28 December 1976 is now banished to a Black township outside Brandfort, Orange Free State. She is free to live in Swaziland, or Transkei, but prefers to remain in South Africa.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Sunday, May 16, 1976
    Pupils at Phefeni Secondary School start boycotting classes in protest against the use of Afrikaans in education. The unrest spreads to Belle Higher Primary School, Thulasizwe Higher Primary School, and Emthonjeni Khulo Ngolawazi Higher Primary School.
  • Sunday, May 16, 1976
    James James Ranisi Jolobe, Xhosa author and poet, and Presbyterian clergyman, dies in Tsolo, Transkei.
    References:
    • Verwey, E.J. (ed)(1995). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.1, Pretoria: HSRC.

  • Wednesday, May 16, 1973
    The Minister of Justice banns all protest meetings in the centre of Cape Town, following student protests. Several arrests are made.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Friday, May 16, 1969
    The Publications and Entertainments Amendment Bill gives the Publications Control Board powers to prohibit subsequent editions of any South African periodical whose contents have been declared undesirable.
  • Friday, May 16, 1969
    The South African Bureau of State Security is established (later referred to as BOSS).
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Saturday, May 16, 1964
    The Commission of Inquiry into the South African Press tables the second part of its report, severely criticising the reporting on South African affairs by foreign correspondents, or local correspondents working for foreign news agencies, and calling it antagonism towards Afrikaners and the government. The Commission recommends the setting up of a press council to control newspapers and correspondents.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Friday, May 16, 1958
    French government announces a state of national emergency, giving it special powers to deal with the Algerian revolt and associated unrest in mainland France.
  • Friday, May 16, 1941
    WWII: North Africa. Believing that yesterdays advance by British forces into Sollum and Fort Capuzzo was the start of an attack on Tobruk, General Rommel attacks and forces the British back to Halfaya Pass.
  • Tuesday, May 16, 1939
    Charlotte Makgomo Maxeke, teacher, social worker, politician and founder of the Bantu Women's League of South Africa, dies in Johannesburg. Even before her death she was honoured as 'Mother of Black Freedom in South Africa'.
    References:
    • Verwey, E.J. (ed)(1995). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.1, Pretoria: HSRC, p. 168.

  • Thursday, May 16, 1907
    Britain, France, and Spain sign the Pact of Cartagena – an agreement to maintain the status quo in the Mediterranean and West Africa.
  • Thursday, May 16, 1907
    Nairobi is selected to be the capital of British East Africa.
  • Wednesday, May 16, 1900
    Anglo-Boer War 2: Gen. Hunter occupies Christiana, the first ZAR town to be captured.
    References:
    • Cloete: The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology

  • Wednesday, May 16, 1900
    Anglo-Boer War 2: A 'flying' column that has sped its way straight from Kimberley (reinforced further by Canadian troops) comes to the aid of Mafeking who is under siege by Boer forces.
  • Tuesday, May 16, 1876
    The Volksraad of the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek (ZAR/Transvaal Republic) resolves to declare war on Chief Sekhukhune. President Burgers is to lead the expedition as both Paul Kruger and Piet Joubert decline the command.
    References:
    • Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 9, p. 576
    •  Kruger, D.W. (ed)(1979). Geskiedenis van Suid-Afrika; verwerk en bygewerk deur D.W. Kruger; 3de bygewerkte uitg., Goodwood, Cape Town: NASOU, p. 291

  • Monday, May 16, 1842
    Melt Jacobus Brink, expert in Afrikaans literature and playwright, is born in Cape Town.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, May 16, 1818
    Willem Cornelis Janse van Rensburg, president of the ZAR for seven months, is born in the Uitenhage district, Eastern Cape.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 11, p. 163.

  • Thursday, May 16, 1811
    Sir John Cradock, Cape governor, acting in accordance with an instruction issued by the British Colonial Secretary, issues a proclamation instituting a circuit court (later called the Black Circuit) to investigate alleged murder and maltreatment of Hottentots (Khoi-Khoi) by Whites.   Great care was to be taken to ensure a fair trial.
    References:
    • Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 2, p. 352; Kruger (ed.): Geskiedenis van Suid-Afrika

  • Sunday, May 16, 1745
    Adriaan van Jaarsveld, frontier commandant who resisted several Graaff-Reinet magistrates over frontier policy and was elected 'president of the Burgher War Council', is born on the farm De Kromme Rivier, district Piketberg.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 11, p. 150