This Day in History

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Friday, June 13, 1986

Solomon Mangopane Maowasha and Alex Mashaba Matsepane were found guilty of burning Solomon Maake and his son in September 1985, after they were accused of being police informers. The court found that Mr Maowasha was the leader of the youth group who took the two victims to the graveyard to be stoned. He also ordered Mr Jack Rampjapedi who feared for his life to pour the two victims with petrol and set them alight. Mr Justice F H Grosskopf found no justification for their act and they were sentenced to death.

This article was produced for South African History Online on 23-May-2016

This Day in History Extra Dates
  • Wednesday, June 13, 2007
    On the thirteenth day of the continuing public servants strike tens of thousands of other workers join the strike for the day and take part in marches throughout the country.
    References:
    • SABC. New Bulletin.

  • Monday, June 13, 2005
    More than 3700 prisoners are being released from various prisons across the country as part of a special remission of sentence programme previously announced by Ngconde Balfour, minister of correctional services.
  • Monday, June 13, 2005
    SA man sets record for world's deepest dive. Nuno Gomes' 318.25m plunge was enough to beat the record of 313m, set by Mark Ellyatt in Thailand in 2003.
    References:

  • Thursday, June 13, 1996
    A regional peace summit is held in Durban on the initiative of church leaders. Zulu King Goodwill Zwelithini urges his subjects to stop killing each other.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Sunday, June 13, 1993
    Twenty Somalis are killed and fifty more wounded when Pakistani members of the United Nations (UN) peacekeeping forces fire into a crowd of demonstrators protesting UN attacks on warlord Mohammed Farah Aidid.
  • Wednesday, June 13, 1990
    A Boeing 767 sets a non-stop commercial flight distance record, from Seattle, USA to Nairobi in Kenya.
  • Wednesday, June 13, 1990
    Sipho Pungulwa, ANC dissident, is shot and killed in Umtata.
    References:
    • Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee, p. 252
    •  https://www.anc.org.za/

  • Friday, June 13, 1986
    President Reagan criticises the South African state of emergency.
  • Friday, June 13, 1980
    John Wiley, the leader of the South African Party (SAP), announces that his party is to disband. SAP representatives will retain their seats and join the National Party, thus increasing the NP strength in the House to 136.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Friday, June 13, 1980
    Following a meeting (4-13 June 1980), held at the request of the African group, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopts a resolution strongly condemning South Africa for its massive repression and for its defiance of General Assembly and Security Council resolutions. Inter alia, it calls for the release of all political prisoners, including Nelson Mandela.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Sunday, June 13, 1976
    An action committee called the Soweto Students' Representative Council is formed to organise the demonstration, with two representatives from each school.

  • Wednesday, June 13, 1979
    Marais Viljoen, former President of the Senate and acting State President, is elected State President by members of both Houses of Parliament and is sworn in on 19 June 1979.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Sunday, June 13, 1976
    The Naledi branch of the SA Students Movement holds a meeting, attended by representatives of all Soweto schools, at which it is decided that protests will be held on June 16 against the use of Afrikaans in education.

  • Sunday, June 13, 1976
    Walter Sisulu's daughter, Lindiwe, is detained.

  • Friday, June 13, 1975
    Robert Sobukwe, former leader of the banned Pan-Africanist Congress (PAC), although still under a banning order, is admitted to practice as an attorney in Kimberley.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Saturday, June 13, 1970
    P.W. Botha announces that South Africa is establishing a new submarine base at Simonstown at a cost of $7.7m.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Saturday, June 13, 1964
    At the Rand Criminal Sessions three Africans are imprisoned for twelve years and one for eight years on a charge of sabotage.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Saturday, June 13, 1964
    In terms of a new General Laws Amendment Bill, the death penalty is extended to people who have undergone sabotage training within South Africa; the Minister of Justice is again empowered to detain people for indefinite periods after they have served prison sentences; and the twelve-day 'jail without bail' law of 1962 is renewed.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Saturday, June 13, 1964
    Nelson Mandela arrives on Robben Island to begin his life sentence, imposed the previous day.
  • Wednesday, June 13, 1962
    Mandla Nkosi, SA artist, is born in Soweto, Johannesburg. He studied at the Mofolo Arts Centre in Soweto and from 1984 to 1987 was a student at the Johannesburg Art Foundation where he received guidance from Bill Ainslie and was influenced by the work of American painter Romare Bearden.   He participated in the Thupelo Workshops in Johannesburg.  He exhibited seven times in South Africa from 1983 to 1988 and received two awards. 
    References:
    • Sack, S. (1988). The Neglected Tradition, Johannesburg: Johannesburg Art Gallery, p. 120; Sonderling, N.E. (ed.) New Dictionary of South African Biography, v. 2

  • Tuesday, June 13, 1961
    Benjamin Pogrund, senior reporter on the Rand Daily Mail, is jailed for eight days for refusing to divulge the source of his story in the Rand Daily Mail.  Pogrund had alleged that an alleged plot was a joke, which the government had taken seriously.  He was released on appeal.
    References:

  • Thursday, June 13, 1946
    Indian Passive Resistance campaign led by Y. M. Dadoo and Dr. G. M. Naicker against the Asiatic Land Tenure and Indian Representation Act ("Ghetto Act"), enacted by the Smuts Government, commences. Indians observe complete hartal throughout the country.
    References:

  • Wednesday, June 13, 1956
    Last British troops leave Suez Canal base, turning the waterway over to Egypt after operating it for seventy-four years.
  • Saturday, June 13, 1942
    World War II Britain loses 230 tanks in desert battles.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Tuesday, June 13, 1922
    Etienne Leroux (Stephanus Petrus Daniël le Roux), SA author of, inter alia, 'Magersfontein, o Magersfontein!' is born in Oudtshoorn.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Monday, June 13, 1921
    Sir Bernard Oppenheimer (55), diamond buyer and brother of Sir Ernest, dies.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Wednesday, June 13, 1906
    Bambata Rebellion: Sigananda surrenders.
    References:

  • Tuesday, June 13, 1899
    Dr Werner W.M. Eiselen, co-founder of the South African Bureau of Racial Affairs (Sabra) and promoter of the concept of separate development, is born in Middelburg, Transvaal.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Monday, June 13, 1892
    Basil Rathbone, SA born actor who played the role of Sherlock Holmes in fourteen movies, is born. 
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  https://www.andibradley.com/

  • Wednesday, June 13, 1838
    Voortrekker leader Commandant Andries Hendrik Potgieter obtains the territory between the Vet and Vaal rivers from the Bataung captain, Makwana, in exchange for cattle.
    References:
    • Muller, C.F.J. (ed)(1981). Five Hundred years: a history of South Africa; 3rd rev. ed., Pretoria: Academica, p. 165.

  • Saturday, June 13, 1705
    The first preserved entry in the journal of Adam Tas carries this date.  
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau